Causes of Lower Right Abdominal Pain

What Are The Causes of Lower Right Abdominal Pain?

The area between the chest and the pelvis is termed as the abdominal area. This area contains vital organs like liver and intestines which aids in the digestion processes. The lower right portion of the abdomen is the home of the colon and the right ovary in some women. Many conditions cause mild to severe right abdominal discomforts. Not all pains are a sign of caution some pain will self-heal in a day or two. If the discomforts are persistent it always recommended seeking medical help.

What are the causes of right abdomen discomforts?

The following causes for abdominal discomforts are seen to affect both sides of the abdominal region. But predominantly more pain is experienced on the right abdomen.

Intestinal gas

The intestinal gas is composed of the air that completely fills the digestive tract. The main causal agent of this gas is food that’s not completely digested until it reaches the colon. The more undigested food present is directly linked to the increased intestinal gas. As the gas builds up it can cause abdominal pain, bloating, and feeling of stomach tightness.

Burping and farting are the only relief providers. Studies say that a person needs to expel gas for up to 20 times a day. Excessive gas can be a sign of a digestive ailment such as diabetes or lactose intolerance.

Other causes of  intestinal gas include:

  • Overeating.
  • Swallowing more air than normal.
  • Use of chewing gum.
  • Excessive smoking.


Indigestion also termed as dyspepsia typically develops after the intake of some food or beverage. Pain usually is seen to persist in the upper abdomen area which at times is seen to affect the lower abdomen.

Signs of dyspepsia include:

  • Heartburn.
  • Bloating
  • Uncomfortable feeling of fullness.
  • Feeling sick.
  • Burping
  • Farting
  • Early feeling of fullness
  • The feeling of bitter tasting liquids or food coming back up.

Mild digestion is seen to self-heal in a day or two if the condition is seen to persist for more than two weeks, consult a healthcare provider to rule out any digestive issues.

A hernia

A hernia is a small lump that is resulted due to an internal body part which pushes through a weakening of the muscle or tissue wall. Hernias are of several types but predominantly they are seen to occur in the abdominal region.

Other common symptoms that are seen to accompany with a hernia include:

  • Bulging or swelling at the infected site.
  • Increased aches.
  • Discomforts while lifting, laughing, crying, coughing, or straining.
  • Feeling of fullness or constipated.
  • A dull pain.

Kidney Infection

The kidneys are infected due to the bacteria that are present in the bladder, ureters, or urethra. This infection can affect one or both of the kidneys. Predominantly the infection is seen to cause abdominal discomforts but more often the pain is seen to extend to the groin, back and sides.

Other symptoms experienced with the kidney infection are:

  • Elevated body temperatures.
  • Chills.
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Increased frequency of urination.
  • Feeling the urge to urinate even post a visit to the loo.
  • Urinating discomforts.
  • Presence of pus or blood in the urine.
  • Cloudy urine with a bad odor.

Untreated kidney infections can cause permanent damage. If any individuals notice any one of the above symptoms with increased persistence, consult a doctor right away.

Kidney stones

A hard buildup of minerals and salts that are seen to form inside the kidneys are termed as kidney stones. An individual will not feel the pain unless and until the kidney stones begin to move around or pass through the connects the kidney and bladder.

The kidney stones movement are seen to cause extensive pain in the back, side, below ribs, and throughout the lower abdomen and groin. The intensity of the pain may increase as the kidney stones move towards the urinary tract.

Other symptoms include:

  • Urination discomforts.
  • Pink, red, or brown urine.
  • Cloudy urine with a foul smell.
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Increased feeling of peeing.
  • Fever and chills if the stones are accompanied by an infected kidney.

Irritable bowel syndrome

This is a chronic syndrome that is seen to predominantly affect the large intestines.

Irritable bowel syndrome symptoms include:

  • Cramps
  • Bloating
  • Gas
  • Diarrhea
  • Constipation
  • Abdominal pain
  • Bowel movement changes
  • Presence of mucus in the stool.

The causes of the irritable bowel syndrome are not exactly known but studies have linked this syndrome to an abnormal digestive nervous system or stronger than normal intestinal contractions.

Inflammatory bowel diseases

Irritable and inflammatory bowel ailments are two different disorders. Inflammatory bowel disease is seen to cause bowel tissue changes and increases the risk of colorectal cancer.

The two common causes of inflammatory bowel disease are ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease. Both these chronic infections are seen to cause digestive tract inflammation which is seen to cause abdominal pain.

Inflammatory bowel disease is also seen to cause:

  • Severe diarrhea.
  • Tiredness.
  • Weight loss
  • Fever
  • Bloody stools
  • Reduction in appetite.

If the inflammatory bowel diseases are left untreated they are seen to cause life-threatening complications, seeking medical advice without delay is highly recommended for such cases.


One of the common causes of the right abdominal pain is linked to appendicitis. The appendix is a tube-like structure which is attached to the large intestines. Appendicitis is experienced by some person due to the inflammation of the appendix. This pain is seen to develop in the middle of the abdomen and is seen to radiate to the lower abdomen where the pain intensifies.

Other symptoms that accompany appendicitis are:

  • Fever
  • Loose stools
  • Constipation
  • Bloating
  • Nausea and vomiting

The removal of the appendix is recommended in some cases to relieve the severe pain. The body function of the appendix is not completely known and its removal has not caused any further health risk.

What are the main causes of lower abdominal pain that is predominantly experienced by many women?

Some causes of lower abdominal pain are only seen to affect matrons. These ailments are serious conditions that require immediate attention. Although many women experience lower right abdominal pain, the pain is seen to be experienced even on the left abdomen too.

Some of the right abdominal ailments women suffer from include:

Menstrual cramps

Menstrual cramp is also known as dysmenorrhea is a condition that is seen to be experienced by women pre or on menstrual cycles. As the uterus is trying to shed the lining the pain is seen to be experienced on one or both sides of the abdomen.

Other common symptoms include:

  • Constant dull pain
  • Persistent pain in the lower back and thighs
  • Nausea
  • Loose stools
  • Headaches
  • Dizziness


Predominantly women experience menstrual cramps during or before the Aunty Flo kickstarts but in some cases, these cramps can be due to an underlying cause is known as endometriosis   

Endometriosis occurs when the uterine lining that normally grows inside the uterus is formed on the outside.

The other symptoms that are seen to accompany menstrual cramps are:

  • Pain during or after sexual intercourse.
  • Painful bowel movements or urinating during a menstrual cycle.
  • Heavy Aunty Flo
  • Spotting or bleeding between periods.

This is a serious condition in women that can lead to infertility. If a woman suspects the abdominal pain is due to endometriosis it is highly recommended to seek medical advice to avoid further complications.

Ovarian cysts

Sacs filled with fluid found inside or outside the ovary is termed as an ovary cyst. Predominantly small ovary cysts don’t cause any discomforts and are seen to clear by itself. But a large ruptured ovarian cyst is seen to cause serious complications.

The symptoms that are experienced mainly include:

  • Dull or sharp lower abdomen pain.
  • Bloating
  • Heavy feeling in the abdomen.

Seek medical advice if the symptoms are accompanied by:

  • Sudden and severe abdominal pain
  • Fever
  • Vomiting
  • Cold and clammy skin.
  • Weakness
  • Rapid breathing

Ectopic pregnancy

This pregnancy is seen to happen when a fertilized egg is seen to implant on one of the fallopian tubes.

In addition to abdominal pain other symptoms commonly experienced are:

  • Vaginal bleeding
  • Pain at the intersection of the shoulder and arms.
  • Bowel movement discomforts.
  • Diarrhea.

If the ectopic pregnancy ruptures, you may also experience:

  • Dizziness
  • Fatigue
  • Paleness of the skin.

Pelvic inflammatory disease

Pelvic inflammation ailments occur due to sexually untreated infections. In addition to abdominal pain, the common symptoms that are seen include:

  • Elevated body temperatures
  • Abnormal vaginal discharge with a strong odor.
  • Pain and bleeding during sexual contact
  • Burning during urination.
  • Bleeding in between periods.

Ovarian torsion

Ovarian torsion is also known as adnexal torsion is experienced when the ovary or sometimes the fallopian tube becomes twisted cutting off the organs blood supply. This condition is seen to cause severe lower abdominal pain.

Other symptoms include:

  • Irregular monthly cycles.
  • Pain during sex.
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Feeling full even if you have barely eaten.

Surgery is needed in the cases of ovarian twists to bring them to the normal position.

What is the main lower abdominal pain disorders that are predominantly experienced by many men?

Some causes of lower abdominal pain are only seen to affect the males. These are serious conditions that require immediate medical advice. The pain is seen to be experienced on one or both sides of the abdomen.

The right abdominal disorders that only men suffer from are:

An inguinal hernia

An inguinal hernia is seen to occur when a part of the small intestine or fat pushes the weak part of the lower abdomen. An inguinal hernia is seen as a small bulge in the groin area between the thigh and the lower abdomen. Discomforts are experienced when coughing, straining, lighting or during workouts.

Other symptoms commonly experienced are:

  • Groin heaviness and weakness
  • Burning in the groin.
  • Swollen or enlarged scrotum.

Testicular torsion

When the testicle turns and twists the spermatic cord testicular torsion is seen to happen. This twisting is seen to reduce the blood flow to the area, which leads to sudden and severe pain and swelling in the scrotum and also is seen to cause lower abdominal pain.

The other symptoms include:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Fever
  • Painful urination
  • Uneven testicle position.
  • Emergency surgery is performed for testicular torsions.

When should medical attention be sought for right lower abdominal pain?

Immediate medical attention needs to be sought if the following symptoms are experienced:

  • Pressure or pain the  chest
  • Fever
  • Bloody stools
  • Persistent feeling of nausea and vomiting
  • Jaundice
  • Severe tenderness when the abdomen is touched
    • Abdomen swelling.

If anyone of these symptoms is experienced by an individual and it is seen to last for more than two days, consulting a doctor is highly recommended.

Mild abdominal pain can be treated at home. Changing the daily diet will relieve indigestion and gas and menstrual cramps can be relieved with the aid of painkillers that are available over the counter.

Persistent use of aspirin (Bufferin) or ibuprofen (Advil) is generally recommended to be avoided as they can enhance stomach irritations which can worsen the abdominal pain.



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