Lower Back Pain Before and After Menstruation

Lower Back Period Pain Before and After your Period- Causes: For most women pain in the lower back is common. Women experience pain in their lower back both before and after aunt flo’s visit. This pain mostly disappears after the menstrual period of a woman ends. Sometimes this pain has been reported by many women to have lingered on till after their period too.   

The time around the menstrual period is especially torturous for most women. They struggle with aches and pains in the lower back, and also in the abdominal region. This occurs due to the release of reproductive hormones like progesterone and estrogen. This helps the muscle to loosen for easy flow of blood. It loosens and soothes the muscles all over the body. As the day of the period approaches the production of relaxin also increases. This loosens up the ligaments and the pelvic joints. This happens to aid the flow of blood. Once this blood starts to flow it causes additional stress on the surrounding muscles. This is the main cause for the pain before the period starts. This pain is mostly bearable. It can be especially painful for women suffering with certain diseases like uterine fibroids and endometriosis.

The pain that is felt at this time of your 28 day cycle usually clears up on its own at the end of your period. This happens only sometimes, not always. If your hormone balance is still improper then even after the periods the muscles remain relaxed. This causes stress on the back because even the slightest activities affect the body and causes pain in the lower back.

Causes of Lower Back Pain

Changes in hormonal balance: there are hormonal changes which the body of a woman undergoes during the release of her cycle’s egg at ovulation. Progesterone is in excess and estrogen takes a back seat. The progesterone which is released after ovulation helps in maintaining the lining of the uterine wall. This happens in the case that the woman might get pregnant. If a woman is sensitive to changes in the hormones then she is more likely to experience lower back pain and other symptoms of PMS.

Releasing of Estrogen and Relaxin: when a woman is about to start with her period she experiences changes in her hormones. These changes include the rapid drop in estrogen levels. Estrogen helps strengthen the muscles and ligaments so when the estrogen levels drop the muscles become lax. This puts extra pressure on the upper body and causes pain in the lower back. Relaxin is another hormone which is released during this time. Relaxin is a hormone which helps relax the muscles. This happens so that the cervix can open for the easy flow of blood. Relaxins, softens and relaxes the ligaments in the entire body. And since the muscles around the pelvis are not able to support the weight of the entire upper body on its own it causes pain in the lower back.

Chemical messengers: prostaglandin is known as the chemical messengers these are released by the uterine lining. They are the cause for mainly causing muscles cramps in the uterus. This pushes out the broken-down endometrium. The production of these chemical messengers takes place a little before the starting of your period, causing PMS. It mostly affects the abdomen region, but these prostaglandins can also effect the areas near the lower back.

Poor circulation:– since during periods the flow of the blood is all concentrated at one place that is the uterus and so the blood flow in the back worsens. Most aches and pains that take place in the body are attributed to poor blood flow. When a woman is on her period all her blood gets directed to one direction that is the uterus. It takes some time for the blood flow to come back to normal again and hence the blood flow in other parts of the body becomes less and this causes pain the back as well as other aches and pains that are felt before, after and during periods.

Natural Way to Cure Lower Back Pain

Acupuncture: acupuncture points help in regulation of blood flow in the abdominal cavity and help relax the nervous system. This eases the menstrual pain. Studies prove that acupuncture is almost as effective as medicines to reduce pain. If acupuncture doesn’t suit you, you could also try a massage therapy to ease lower back pain.  

Massage: In many cases massage therapy has been known to alleviate back pain altogether. Massage therapy is easy and can be done at home. Just look for a quaint corner, make yourself comfortable and smear some lotion on your hands. Rub this on your back on the area that hurts. Rub it in a circular motion for a few minutes. You will notice certain sore spots on your back apply a little extra pressure on these spots. This will help relieve the pain instantly.

Nourishment: pay close attention to your body and fulfil its needs accordingly. Eat healthy and nourish yourself with vitamins and minerals. Exercise regularly so that all the muscles in your body are strong enough to curb pain. Cramps do not occur in the same manner for all women, but they happen for the same reason. Hence, the way you treat your body determines the kind of pain you experience.

Staying warm: many studies have proven that the solution to PMS back pains is to get the blood in the body flowing properly. To aid the proper blood flow it is important to keep the body active. If you spend most of the time of the day working and sitting down then to keep the blood flowing as required it is important to stretch your legs are fixed intervals. For colder months you can solve the issue of lower back pain by keeping your body warm by using a hot water bottle for the affected area, or a heating pad. Some women also find hot beverages like tea, hot chocolate and coffee comforting too.

Aromatherapy: the response to the fight-or-flight stress is given to the body by the hypothalamus; this is the same part of the brain that affects the hormones during a woman’s menstrual cycle. If a woman is dealing with a lot of stress in her daily life then, her hypothalamus in response to that causes an imbalance in the hormones resulting in PMS lower back pain, in addition to other pains and aches. Aromatherapy is a relaxing solution to this kind of pain. During this therapy the body is given a sense of relaxation by using essential oils. Oils like that of ginger, lavender, chamomile and birch have proven to be effective to relieve back pain.

When to see a doctor?

Pain in the lower back is the body’s natural response to the hormonal changes that it goes through before, after and during the menstrual period, this isn’t always true. Extreme pain in the lower back can also be attributed to conditions like endometriosis and fibroids. The pain experienced due to endometriosis and fibroids is so severe that it hinders with you carrying out of your day to day activities.

If the pain in your back is severe, persistent, doesn’t respond to over the counter medicines or other natural remedies and occurs mostly around the time of your period then it is a good idea to make an appointment with your medical practitioner at the earliest.

FAQ’s

Can pain in the lower back be associated with a disease?

Pain is body’s way to indicate that something is wrong. This should not be ignored at any cost. Most of the time lower back pain is harmless, especially when experienced around the time of your period. Whereas, Sometimes it can be a cause for a deeper concern. Diseases like fibroids and endometriosis also cause lower back pain around the time of your period. These are gynaecological diseases and can result in infertility if left untreated. If you notice symptoms like an increase in the menstrual bleeding or abdominal pain other than lower back pain for a long duration even after your periods, then you should not hesitate to speak with your doctor at the earliest.

Can lower back pain also be a sign of pregnancy?

Lower back pain along with morning sickness is a typical sign of early pregnancy. If you are experiencing lower back pain around the due date of your period it’s understandable to assume pregnancy. Most women who are mother’s report that they experienced lower back pain before their first missed period. But this can also be true for a missed period for any other reason. So to be sure it is important to make sure that a pregnancy test is conducted at least a week after the due period. If the test is negative and the pain continues as is and you still do not get your period, then it becomes paramount to discuss with your doctor about possible reasons.  

Sources:

  • https://baby-pedia.com/lower-back-pain-after-periods/
  • https://baby-pedia.com/lower-back-pain-before-periods/
  • https://www.livestrong.com/article/243215-what-causes-back-pain-before-a-period/
  • https://www.spinemd.com/news-philanthropy/tips-to-reduce-lower-back-pain-during-menstruation
  • https://periodvitamin.com/back-period-pain.html
  • https://www.healthline.com/health/cramps-after-period#causes
  • https://cora.life/blogs/day-one/114857668-cramps-before-period-vs-cramps-after-period-the-lowdown

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